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Sardinia
 
Est - EastNord Est - North EastNord Ovest - North WestOvest - WestSud Est - South EastSud Ovest - South West
EXCURSION TO TISCALI
 

An incredible trip to the fascinating and mysterious nuraghic village of Tiscali.
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SECRETS OF OLBIA
 

Ezcursion to the Olbia surroundings, full of amazing and mysterious archaeological sites.
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THE MOON OVER THE WELL
 

Santa Cristina Holy Well: lots of coincidences for a big mistery.
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THE TIME'S SOURCE
 

Nuragic mysteries. Discover Su Tempiesu: the best-preserved holy well of Sardinia.
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THE DISCOVERY OF GIANTS
 

S'Ena e Thomes in Dorgali: one of Sardinia's best preserved Tombs of Giants.
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Discover the island: History
The first settlements in Sardinia:
The human presence in Sardinia dates back to the early Palaeolithic Age (between 500.000 and 100.000 years ago). The first civilization come to life during the Neolithic Age (6000 - 2700 B.C.), it was called Bonu-Ighinu (till 3500 B.C.), then Ozieri or San Michele (till 2700 B.C). During the Neolithic age Sardinians used to live in caves and, besides hunting, they were engaged in agriculture, fishing and breeding. They excelled in the art of pottery, weaving and sculpture. The first Megalithic and funeral architectural monuments (dolmen, menhir and domus de janas) date back to this Age. During the late Neolithic Age (till 1600 B.C.) the Monte Claro and the Bonnanaro civilization came to life. These people used to forge copper and, subsequently, bronze tools.
 
The Nuragic civilization:
The Nuragic civilization developed between the Bronze Age and the Iron Age (from 1800 to 500 B.C.). Almost 8000 nuraghes, about 400 tombs of Giants and no specified number of sacred wells are examples of the impressiveness of the nuragic civilization. The so-called bronzetti  (representing little modern ships) and the archaeological finds (such as the representations of Shardana people in the Egyptian temple of Medinet Abu) demonstrate how the nuraghic people dominated the whole Mediterranean area. The theories of Sergio Frau, a journalist and writer of the book “Le Colonne d’Ercole, un’inchiesta” (The Pillars of Hercules. An investigation) state that Sardinia actually was the powerful Island of Atlantis. Eminent scholars and archaeologists of all over the world maintain these theories.
 
The Phoenician Age:
Between the X and the VIII centuries B.C the Phoenician civilization chose Sardinia as the crucial point for its commerce. After a long period of good relationship, about 535 B.C. the most powerful Carthaginians tried to conquer the Island. At the end of the same century, after fierce fights, they conquered the Island. Under the Carthage domination some new important settlements such as Karalis (the current Cagliari), Nora, Solki (sant’Antioco), Bosa and Tharros came to life.
 
The Roman Age:
After a long struggle between Romans and the Sardinian-Phoenician people, Rome managed to conquer Sardinia to dominate it definitely in 214 B.C The cohabitation with Sardinians wasn’t easy mainly because Romans were considered the conqueror enemies. Anyway, after long struggles, Sardinia became the barn of Rome.
 
The Byzantium Age:
After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Sardinia was invaded from Vandals who remained in the Island about 80 years, till the seizure of Byzantium in 534 B.C.. The Byzantine domination deeply influenced Sardinian civilization to such an extent that they inculcated the cult of Emperor Constantine (Santu Antine). Every year in Sedilo, people compete in a horse riding called s’Ardia in honour of him.
 
From the Vandals to the marine repubblic:
In the IX century, the Sardinians, after having driven the Vandals away for several times, won their independence and organized themselves politically, by establishing local governments called “Giudicati” (Ancient Kingdoms of Sardinia). This kind of organization lasted for a long time and there is still evidence of this in Sardinian law, originally introduced by Judge Eleonora D’Arborea’s “Carta de logu”: namely a set of norms.
In the XI century, Sardinia needed help from Geneva and Pisa Maritime Republics to defend itself from the Arabs who were finally defeated in 1016. The Republic of Pisa thus gained sovereignty over the island especially from an artistic and commercial viewpoint, rather than in politics which remained in the hands of the Giudicati.
 
From the Aragoneses to sardinian reign:
During the XIV century, the Aragonese started ruling in Sardinia and, soon, following the merger between the families of Castilla and Aragon, this translated into the Spanish occupation, replacing local governments with a feudal system under Spanish noble families.
As Spain declined, Sardinia passed in the hands of the Hapsburg family (1714) and, after four years, to the Savoy dukedom. The Piedmontese occupied it in 1720. Under their rule, feudalism was abolished (1835). In 1847 island autonomy was abolished and Sardinia-Piedmontese, the first core area of the Italy Kingdom, was formed accordingly.
 
First world war to nowadays:
After the end of the war, the Partito Sardo d’Azione, which would represent the people’s needs and autonomy, was formed. With the advent of Fascism, further intervention included the construction of basins and the Tirso Dam, nevertheless, the economy remained weak.
Only the granting of the Special Autonomy and Statute of the Region (1947) boosted the island’s economy.
 
 

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